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Cosmos In Brief - Aktualní novinky vesmírného výzkumu v kostce
VIRGO
Máte k tomu co říct? Vložte se do diskuze.
VIRGO --- 23:52:04 31.12.2015
Planetary Exploration Timelines: A Look Ahead to 2016 | The Planetary Society
http://www.planetary.org/...2-planetary-exploration-timelines.html?referrer=https://plus.google.com/
We are entering 2016 with 15 spacecraft probably actively returning science data from planets, moons, and smaller bodies in the solar system.
(I say "probably" because I don't know for sure what the Chinese lunar spacecraft are doing.) Akatsuki is at Venus, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
and two Chang'e missions at the Moon, two rovers and five orbiters are active at Mars, Dawn is at Ceres, Rosetta is at 67P, Cassini is at Saturn,
and although New Horizons is far past Pluto, it'll be sending back new Pluto science data for most of the year, so I'm counting that as still
doing science. Another two missions (Hayabusa2 and Juno) are in their cruise phase; Juno arrives at Jupiter in August. Two (ExoMars Trace Gas
Orbiter and OSIRIS-Rex) or three (if you count the Schiaparelli lander separately) will launch this year, with their science starting after
2016. The Voyagers and other heliophysics missions don't show up on this chart.

[http://planetary.s3.amazonaws.com/assets/images/charts-diagrams/2015/20151231_planetary-exploration-timeline-version-8_Artboard-1_f840.png]
VIRGO --- 23:15:07 31.12.2015
A Home in the Desert — Paranal Basecamp | ESO United Kingdom
http://www.eso.org/public/unitedkingdom/images/eso0021a/
The Paranal Basecamp in morning light, with the first section of the access road to the telescope platform on the top of the mountain in the background.
(Photo obtained on March 16, 2000) The Basecamp is located below the Paranal mountain. It is centre of the daily life at Paranal, with the various service
buildings, laboratories and offices, as well as dormitories for staff and visitors.The new Paranal Residencia is now being constructed on the slope south
of the Basecamp. When ready in 2001, it will house the offices and sleeping quarters. Some of the containers in the Basecamp will then be removed.
The Basecamp is located below the Paranal mountain. It is centre of the daily life at Paranal, with the various service buildings, laboratories and offices,
as well as dormitories for staff and visitors.
The new Paranal Residencia is now being constructed on the slope south of the Basecamp. When ready in 2001, it will house the offices and sleeping quarters.
Some of the containers in the Basecamp will then be removed.

[http://cdn.eso.org/images/screen/eso0021a.jpg]
VIRGO --- 23:12:14 31.12.2015
Japanese research institute earns right to name element 113
http://phys.org/news/2015-12-japanese-element.html
The U.S.-based International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry said Thursday that researchers at the Riken institute had conclusively
identified and earned the right to name the element. It provisionally was named ununtrium. The new name wasn't immediately disclosed.
A joint working group of the IUPAC and International Union of Pure and Applied Physics were due to announce decisions on naming rights
to elements 113, 115, 117 and 118 in January. Element 113 sits between copernicium and flerovium on the periodic table. A joint team of
scientists in Russia and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in the U.S. also were vying for naming rights for 113.

[http://cdn.phys.org/newman/gfx/news/hires/2011/450px-periodic_table.jpg]
VIRGO --- 18:22:57 31.12.2015
VIRGO --- 16:40:45 31.12.2015
Tisíc záblesků záření gama | Aktuality AK | Hvězdárna Valašské Meziříčí
http://www.astrovm.cz/cz/pro-navstevniky/aktuality-ak/tisic-zablesku-zareni-gama.html
Astronomická družice NASA s názvem SWIFT (start 20. 11. 2004) zaregistrovala již tisící záblesk záření gama (gamma-ray burst, GRB).
Jedná se o nejenergetičtější exploze ve vesmíru, obvykle spojované se zhroucením velmi hmotných hvězd a se zrozením černé díry.
Družice Swift je i po jedenácti letech stále v dobré kondici a pokračuje v pozorování.

[http://www.astrovm.cz/userfiles/image/AKA/swift_1000_2.jpg]
OLIAS --- 10:06:32 31.12.2015
VIRGO: Zkoušel jsem to během vánoc na vesnici a taky se nezadařilo. Co jsem zjistil, tak její jasnost je docela za očekáváním a pro binokuláry prakticky nemožné. Každopádně Praha mi přijde na pozorovnání tak marná, že to ani nezkouším.
VIRGO --- 1:33:23 31.12.2015
Should we solar panel the Sahara desert? - BBC News
http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-34987467
Could one solution to climate change be to harvest the power of sunlight where it shines brightest on the planet?
Should we solar panel the Sahara desert? Four experts discuss the radical proposal with the BBC World Service Inquiry programme.

[http://p5.focus.de/img/fotos/crop807267/8352714192-w1200-h627-o-q75-p5/wissen-desertec-karte.jpg]
VIRGO --- 0:51:28 31.12.2015
Sice se cokoli podobného dalo čekat, ale přesto je to velká pocta určena výjimečným osobnostem či událostem.
Americký poštovní úřad uveřejní příští rok speciální edici známek věnované misi NH (ale nejen jí).
http://www.nasa.gov/feature/postal-service-honors-nasa-planetary-discoveries-with-2016-stamps

[http://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/thumbnails/image/8-0_usps16sta018c_0.jpg]