The universe is expanding at an accelerating rate—or is it? http://phys.org/news/2016-10-universe-rateor.html
Five years ago, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to three astronomers for their discovery, in the late 1990s,
that the universe is expanding at an accelerating pace.
Their conclusions were based on analysis of Type Ia supernovae - the spectacular thermonuclear explosion of dying stars -
picked up by the Hubble space telescope and large ground-based telescopes. It led to the widespread acceptance of the idea
that the universe is dominated by a mysterious substance named 'dark energy' that drives this accelerating expansion.
Now, a team of scientists led by Professor Subir Sarkar of Oxford University's Department of Physics has cast doubt on this
standard cosmological concept. Making use of a vastly increased data set - a catalogue of 740 Type Ia supernovae, more than
ten times the original sample size - the researchers have found that the evidence for acceleration may be flimsier than
previously thought, with the data being consistent with a constant rate of expansion.