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Sdílení elektronických akademických zdrojů na téma informační technologie a sociální/humanitní vědy

diskuse zaměřena na sdílení a shromážďování elektronických zdrojů: časopisy, mailing listy, newslettery, journal alerts, institucionální weby, databáze, nebo přímo studie, články, eseje, pokud je považujete za hodné pozornosti... vítané jsou taky archivační, citační či kolaborativní nástroje, které se osvědčily či se nabízejí k otestování
Máte k tomu co říct? Vložte se do diskuze.
TADEAS --- 0:44:37 9.7.2017
Interview with Alexandra Elbakyan: Sci-Hub and the Importance of Open Scientific Knowledge | LEAF

Alexandra Elbakyan – Science Should be Open to all Not Behind Paywalls | | LEAF
TADEAS --- 18:37:41 7.7.2017

The download script of Sci-Hub is complicated and that is the part where most developer efforts were invested. Not on search.

The next small inaccuracy is:

New papers are uploaded daily when accessed through educational institution proxies

That is true, but some papers are downloaded directly from publishers, too. And Sci-Hub also downloads papers by itself. So the paper can be uploaded not only when requested by user, but in advance.
TADEAS --- 18:09:45 7.7.2017
Some facts on Sci-Hub that Wikipedia gets wrong | engineuring

Sci-Hub was created in September, 2011 and to the spring of 2013 operated without any repository. Research articles would be downloaded by users, and deleted 6 hours later. The user had to provide an URL of the paywalled page on the Internet, and Sci-Hub would open it through random university proxy. If the paper was still not available, user could manually switch to another university by pressing a green button. Even with that simple mode of operation, Sci-Hub gained huge popularity in a local research community, downloading a few research articles every minute.

The Library Genesis project originally was dedicated to books only. In 2012, they started collecting research articles, too and indexed them by DOI. They wanted to include papers downloaded by Sci-Hub to their database.

In the spring of 2013, Sci-Hub gained popularity in China. The number of requests exploded. It became not possible anymore to download each paper requested, so I started extracting DOI from pages and redirecting users to LibGen if paper was already available there. Thankfully to this, Sci-Hub survived.

Later in 2013 LibGen experienced problems with its hard drives, around 40,000 collected papers were completely lost. There was only one copy! I started a crowdfunding campaign on Sci-Hub to buy additional drives, and soon had my own copy of the database collected by LibGen, around 21 million papers. Around one million of these papers was uploaded from Sci-Hub, the other, as I was told, came from databases that were downloaded on the Internet/Darknet.

Since I had my own copy now, I wanted to expand it. In 2014, I analyzed what publishers are most requested by Sci-Hub users, and created a list of papers that were not yet available in database. The code of Sci-Hub was rewritten from the beginning, and the ability to download papers automatically was introduced. Now Sci-Hub started to collect papers on itself. And users could enjoy much-awaited function: just point Sci-Hub to the article, and it will check all proxies and download the paper by itself. Before, users had to manually browse the publishers website through Sci-Hub.

In the end of 2014, few additional copies of the database was created. They became a mirrors from which Sci-Hub is serving content now. Those are Sci-Hub only repositories, separate from LibGen.

Efforts were invested to establish these mirrors so that papers could be served to Sci-Hub users quickly and without interruptions. Even further, people behind LibGen had a strong position not to contact journalists and work semi-underground. My view is different: to spread the idea that science has to be freely accessible by everyone. If Sci-Hub wasn’t autonomous from LibGen, and relied on LibGen infrastructure, perhaps I wouldn’t be able to spread the message.

In that sense, Sci-Hub technically is by itself a repository, or a library if you like, and not a search engine for some other repository. But of course, the most important part in Sci-Hub is not a repository, but the script that can download papers closed behind paywalls.

Currently, the Sci-Hub does not store books, for books users are redirected to LibGen, but not for research papers. In future, I also want to expand the Sci-Hub repository and add books too.

The next inaccuracy in Wikipedia article is:

in April 2016, Elbakyan told Science that many anonymous academics from around the world donate their credentials voluntarily, while publishers have claimed that Sci-Hub relies on credentials obtained by phishing

I did not tell Science how credentials were donated: either voluntarily or not. I only told that I cannot disclose the source of the credentials. I assume that some credentials coming to Sci-Hub could have been obtained by phishing. Anyway, Sci-Hub is not doing any phishing by itself. The credentials are used only to download papers.
TADEAS --- 16:59:01 30.5.2017
Elsevier Wants $15 Million Piracy Damages From Sci-Hub and Libgen - TorrentFreak
TADEAS --- 11:20:58 5.5.2017
Looking into Pandora's Box: The Content of Sci-Hub and its Usage - F1000Research

The comparative analysis shows that both the usage and complete corpus is largely made up of recently published articles, with users disproportionately favoring newer articles and 35% of downloaded articles being published after 2013. These results hint that embargo periods before publications become Open Access are frequently circumnavigated using Guerilla Open Access approaches like Sci-Hub. On a journal level, the downloads show a bias towards some scholarly disciplines, especially Chemistry, suggesting increased barriers to access for these. Comparing the use and corpus on a publisher level, it becomes clear that only 11% of publishers are highly requested in comparison to the baseline frequency, while 45% of all publishers are significantly less accessed than expected. Despite this, the oligopoly of publishers is even more remarkable on the level of content consumption, with 80% of all downloads being published through only 9 publishers. All of this suggests that Sci-Hub is used by different populations and for a number of different reasons, and that there is still a lack of access to the published scientific record.
TADEAS --- 14:42:50 30.3.2017
eBook Pirates Are Relatively Old and Wealthy, Study Finds - TorrentFreak
TADEAS --- 23:56:31 26.2.2017
Scientists in Germany, Peru and Taiwan to lose access to Elsevier journals : Nature News & Comment
PALO_FABUS --- 23:25:00 19.2.2017
Who's downloading pirated papers? Everyone | Science | AAAS
PALO_FABUS --- 12:11:02 12.1.2017
nevíte někdo, jak se dostat k Radical Philosophy, č. 187? nemůžu najít heslo, sci-hub nepomáhá a v aaaargh zrovna toto číslo není...