: Mohlo by to pomoci: Jia Junji,Zhu Bochao,Chen Xuerong,Wu Jiang,Huang Anping (Petrochemical Research Institute of Lanzhou Petrochemical Company,PetroChina Company Limited, Lanzhou Gansu 730060, China)
Trimethylaluminum(TMA),usually used in organic catalysis and organic synthesis,was synthesized by reaction of triethylaluminium (TEA) with methyl bromide on iron-stibonium complex catalyst. Influence of SbCl3 content in TEA,mole ratio of FeCl3 to SbCl3,amount of solvent(decane), reaction temperature and feeding time of TEA on reaction were studied. The catalyst added was efficient for alkyl exchange reaction. Under optimal reaction conditions: n (SbCl3) : n(TEA)=7 :100, n(FeCl3) :n(SbCl3) =3 : 100,reaction temperature 105℃,n(decane) : n(TEA) =4 : 10,feeding time of TEA 150 min and reaction pressure 0.1 MPa, conversion of TEA and yield of TMA could reach 92.8% and 64. 3% respectively. Purity of TMA was up to 98. 1%. The complex catalyst possessed high selectivity to TMA and low preparation cost, and could be easily separated from the product.